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Raphael Kaplinsky
The Open University

Raphael is the author of numerous books on technology, industrialisation, and globalization. These  include studies on  globalization, industrial policy, industrial organization, global value chains, the international automobile sector, computer-integrated automation, computer aided design, the impact of microelectronics on employment and on appropriate technology. During the early 1990s he pioneered research on changing patterns of organization in manufacturing in developing countries. In 2005 he published a book on globalization, utilising micro-, meso- and macro-data to examine the generalised consequence of upgrading in the global economy (Globalization, Poverty and Inequality). During the course of this research he has over the years worked with enterprises, government-departments and other organizations in Japan, the USA, Western and Eastern Europe, Central America, Brazil, sub-Saharan Africa, and South and Central Asia. Since 2005 he has focused his research on the impact of the "Asian Drivers" (China and India) on the developing world in general, and Africa in particular. His emerging focus of research is on "Below the Radar Innovation", that is unrecognised innovations in the emerging economies which meet the needs of those "at the bottom of the pyramid".

Operational experience:
Raphael Kaplinsky has participated in numerous UN and EU Missions, providing advice to a large range of countries, particularly on industrial and technology policies. He has led teams of advisers in Central America, Cyprus, South Africa and Kazakhstan and has participated as an adviser in a number of other countries. Between 1991 and 2003 he worked intensively with the South African government on Industrial Policy, and has been deeply involved in the development of industrial strategy in the post-Apartheid era. He has also provided advice on strategic focus and on manufacturing organization to transnational firms, and to firms in the UK, Africa, Brazil, Central Asia, Central America and India. In the mid-1990s he worked with the European Commission on a programme of assistance to encourage organizational restructuring in European manufacturing and services. More recently, he coordinated economic support to the Brighton and Hove Economic Regeneration Council and advised the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) on policies towards agricultural commodities.